For over half a year, we worked on this 10-minute animation for the Oranjehotel Memorial Centre. This permanent exhibition shows the history of “Oranjehotel” – a nickname for the Scheveningen prison during the Second World War. The animation captures the daily pattern of the prisoners during their stay at Oranjehotel and how they were treated by the SS guards.
Between 1940 and 1945, Scheveningen was home to one of the most notorious prisons of the Nazis. The ironic nickname ‘Oranjehotel’ was a tribute to the many resistance fighters who were imprisoned there. More than 25,000 prisoners were detained here during World War II. 519 died in prison, most of them from torture. 215 people sentenced to death were taken to the adjacent dune area by truck and executed.
The Oranjehotel prison was located in Scheveningen at the corner of Van Alkemadelaan and Pompstationweg. It consisted 7 hallways with an estimate of 500 cells and each cell was 1,9 x 3,7 meters with high windows. Each cell had a foldable table, a toilet bucket and a bed. During the war one cell could take up to 5 prisoners, so it happened that sometimes there were more than 1.500 prisoners housed together in the barracks.
For the film we created 17 characters based on 8 archetypes, with variations in clothes, hair and attributes. Each character went through a pipeline of multiple steps: initial design, 3d modelling, texturing, rigging, facial expressions controls, limbs and hands controls.
To grasp the spirit and atmosphere inside the prison we did profound research of the original barracks. Through collecting images and creating detailed moodboards we accomplished to stay close to the original construction of the architecture. A set of style frames helped us to find the overall mood and visual style for the animation.
Animating more than 100 shots by hand would be unfeasible within the available time and budget. Also, the subtle movements and realistic movement style we had in mind asked a different approach. We choose to use motion capturing technology, a relative fast method to capture the correct body movements. At motion capture studio “Another Kind of Blue” in The Hague, we recorded all scenes with 4 actors for all the different characters. The actors wear suits with markers on their joints, that are tracked by special sensors.
In the post-production we were able to tweak the movements and add additional animation by hand. A large amount of research went into making the models ready for the motion capture data, as well as for ‘manual’ animation to adjust and correct the body movements. The motion capture data was then applied to the 3D models we made. Adding controls for facial expression, finger movements and making the 3D models transform naturally to the motion captured movements was a laborious necessity.
After the grand opening on 7 September 2019 the Oranjehotel Memorial Centre is open for public. The exhibition takes place inside the actual barracks, with the animation projected on a large screen.
In the former Service Apartments and various cells, the permanent exhibition tells about the prison life and prison system, but also about the occupation, the resistance, the disruption within families and the post-war dealing with the past. Impressive prisoner stories are illustrated through documents, photos, interviews and films. In a audio tour you will also hear personal stories, based on letters, diaries and memoirs. We recommend you to visit this amazing exhibition!
Rodrigo da Silva Cardoso
Jordi Vadrí, Stan Joosten
Wim van den Heuvel
Onno Schreuder, Anja van Leeuwen, Willeke de Zeeuw, Anita Egberts, Bert Vink, Waldo Happee, Egon de Prouw
Christelijk Mannenkoor ‘Scheveningen
Another Kind of Blue, Mathijs Brussaard
Danièle Knirim, Iskander Krayenbosch
Luka van Diepen
Nationaal Monument ‘Oranjehotel’, Keen, Evenmore